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What are Long Term Conditions (LTCs)?
LTCs are problems that patients can have for their whole life, or a significant period of time. Some of these problems can be split into categories:
For more information about LTCs, please see the information below.
Long Term Conditions
Asthma is a common long-term condition that can cause coughing, wheezing, chest tightness and breathlessness. The severity of these symptoms varies from person to person. Asthma can be controlled well in most people most of the time, although some people may have more persistent problems.
Symptoms of Asthma
The main symptoms of Asthma are:
Cancer is a condition where cells in a specific part of the body grow and reproduce uncontrollably. The cancerous cells can invade and destroy surrounding healthy tissue, including organs.
Cancer sometimes begins in one part of the body before spreading to other areas. This process is known as metastasis. There are over 200 different types of cancer, each with its own methods of diagnosis and treatment.
Signs and Symptoms of Cancer
It's important to be aware of any unexplained changes to your body, such as the sudden appearance of a lump, blood in your urine or a change to your usual bowel habits.
These symptoms are often caused by other, non-cancerous illnesses, but it's important to see your GP so they can investigate.
Other potential signs and symptoms of cancer can be found on the NHS Choices website by clicking here.
Cancer Research UK
Macmillan Cancer Support
NHS Choices - Cancer
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the name for a collection of lung diseases including chronic bronchitis, emphysema and chronic obstructive airways disease.
People with COPD have difficulties breathing, primarily due to the narrowing of their airways, this is called airflow obstruction.
Typical symptoms of COPD include:
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
CHD is the leading cause of death both in the UK and worldwide.
It's responsible for more than 73,000 deaths in the UK each year. About 1 in 6 men and 1 in 10 women die from CHD.
In the UK, there are an estimated 2.3 million people living with CHD and around 2 million people affected by angina (the most common symptom of coronary heart disease). CHD generally affects more men than women, although from the age of 50 the chances of developing the condition are similar for both sexes.
Although coronary heart disease (CHD) cannot be cured, treatment can help manage the symptoms and reduce the risk of further problems.
CHD can be managed effectively with a combination of lifestyle changes, medicine and, in some cases, surgery. With the right treatment, the symptoms of CHD can be reduced and the functioning of the heart improved.
British Cardiovascular Society
British Heart Foundation
NHS Choices - Coronary Heart Disease
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high.
There are two main types of diabetes:
Living with Chronic Pain
Whether your pain has just come on or you’ve lived with it for years, these tried-and-tested self-help steps can bring you relief.
Mental health is about how we think, feel and behave. One in four people in the UK have a mental health problem at some point in their lives, which affects their daily life, relationships or physical health.
Mental health disorders take many different forms and affect people in different ways. Schizophrenia, depression and personality disorders are all examples of mental health problems. Diseases such as Alzheimer's and dementia generally develop in old age, whereas eating disorders are more common in young people.
HealthTalkOnline - Mental Health
Mental Health Foundation
NHS Choices - Mental Health
Stroke / Transient Ischaemic Attack (TIA)
A stroke is a serious, life-threatening medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off.
Strokes are a medical emergency and urgent treatment is essential because the sooner a person receives treatment for a stroke, the less damage is likely to happen.
If you suspect that you or someone else is having a stroke, phone 999 immediately and ask for an ambulance.
Signs and Symptoms
The main symptoms of stroke can be remembered with the word FAST: